Word for year 2008 and 2009

Happy new year everybody… As we know many things happened in the year 2008…
I.e.:
Obama become the 1st dark skin president.
Economic crisis … and etc…

1.)Can you use a word (either mandarin/english only) to describe what happened in year 2008…and elaborate a bit why u use that word???

2.)Can u use a word to describe what u wish to happen this whole year…and elaborate as well…

for year 2008,
“xing” --Chinese words…why???
After economic crisis we wake up…by doing more budgeting…
now we wake up to do changes…

For year 2009,
“Hao”–Chinese words…why???
Economic better…good chance for investments…