Hay-fever is the common name for Allergic Rhintitis. The condition is usually triggered off by inhaling the pollen of certain grasses, trees and weeds which are present during certain seasons. However, there is also allergic rhintitis which is present throughout the year, irrespective of seasons, this type of allergic rhintitis is due to house mites or animal
When the pollen of the allergies comes in contact with the mucous lining the nose, the mucous becomes swollen and inflamed and there is production of increased secretion. Usually in seasonal hay-fever, the condition clears up in two or three weeks unless secondary infection sets in. However, in perennial allergic rhintitis, due to the constant presence of the antigen, namely the animal or house mite, the condition can repeatedly occur during the year resulting in complications such as nasal polyps and sinusitis.
The usual symptoms are :-
Watery clear discharge from the nose
Blocked feeling in the nose resulting in difficulty in breathing
Redness and watering from the eyes
Itching sensation in the nose and eyes
If there is fever, it is important to see a doctor
Pain in the ears
Swelling of glands in the neck
Yellowish discharge from the nose and eyes
If the allergic symptoms persist for more than the season, as the doctor can help you
identify the allergy.
Minimise exposure especially if it is seasonal allergic rhinitis during periods where
maximum amount of pollen is floating in the air.
Whenever possible, stay in an air-conditioned environment.
For itchy red eyes, use a decongest/antihistamine eye drops.
For a runny nose, use decongestant nose drops for a day and ak your pharmacist for
antihistaminic medication. Wear sunglasses on a bright day.
Exercises can help clear the nose e.g. swimming in an indoor swimming pool or work-out
in an air-conditioned gymnasium.
Have enough sleep as symptoms could be worse if you are tired.
Read and follow all the directions on medications.
Avoid dusty places
Cover your nose before doing house cleaning jobs. Use a vacuum cleaner rather than a
broom which stirs up the dust.
Consult your doctor or a pharmacist about the type of medication/sprays you could have to
prevent an onset or lessen the usual symptoms. E.g. using Disodium Glicomoglycate sprays before the season.
Read ingredients in the medication carefully. Dispose old medication.
Where possible avoid the allergy e.g. having pets in the house.
Avoid camping or outdoor activities during the hayfever season.
Avoid smoking, and smoky environments.
If in doubt on the persistence of symptoms, consult your doctor.
Disclaimer: Article posted is for information/education only & should not treated as sole source. Any doubt, pls consult your doctor. TQVM